Crop rotation is the observe of adjusting or alternating the crops in a given space of the backyard. Rotating crops will stem the depletion of soil vitamins and stop or cut back the build-up of pest and illness issues.
Crops which can be heavy feeders and require extra soil vitamins may be rotated with mild feeders and soil-enriching crops, akin to legumes.
Pest and illness issues may be minimized by not planting members of the identical plant household in the identical a part of the backyard greater than as soon as each three or 4 years.
Ideas for Crop Rotation
Listed below are the key vegetable plant households and solutions for crop rotation:
Onion Household, Amaryllidaceae: Garlic, onions, leeks, shallots. These are mild feeders. Plant onion household crops after heavy feeders. Comply with onion household crops with legumes.
Cabbage Household, Brassicaceae (Cruciferae): Broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, Chinese language cabbage, collards, cress, kale, kohlrabi, radishes, turnips. These are heavy feeders. Plant cabbage household crops after legumes. After cabbage household crops construct the soil for a season with a canopy crop or soil-building compost or let the world sit fallow for a season after making use of well-aged manure.
Lettuce Household, Asteraceae (Compositae): Artichokes, chicory, endive, lettuce. These are heavy feeders. Comply with lettuce household crops with soil-building legumes.
Grains, Grass Household, Poaceae (Gramineae): Grains–oats, corn, rye, wheat. Comply with these crops with tomato household crops.
Legume Household, Fabaceae (Leguminosae): Beans, peas, clover, vetch. These are soil enrichers. Comply with legume household crops with another crop.
Tomato Household, Nightshade Household, Solanaceae: Eggplant, peppers, tomatoes, potatoes. Nightshade household crops are heavy feeders. Plant these crops after grass household crops. Comply with heavy feeders with legume household crops to rebuild the soil.
Squash Household, Cucurbitaceae: Cucumbers, melons, summer time and winter squash, pumpkins, watermelon. Squash household crops are heavy feeders. Plant these crops after grass household crops. Comply with heavy feeders with legume household crops to rebuild the soil.
Carrot Household, Apiaceae (Umbelliferae): Carrots, celery, anise, coriander, dill, fennel, parsley. Beets and chard, Amaranthaceae, may be grouped with the carrot household crops. These are mild to medium feeders. Carrot household crops can observe another crop. Comply with carrot household crops with legumes or onion household crops.
Crop Rotation in Small Vegetable Backyard
Further Crop Rotation Assets:
Vegetable Backyard Almanac & Planner
Crop Rotation on Natural Farms