Plant-hunting is at all times in season on the Leach Botanical Backyard in Portland, Oregon, the storybook base of the botanist Lilla Leach, the place Land Morphology has begun a next-century improve to the grounds.
By Bradford McKee / Images by Sahar Coston-Hardy, Affiliate ASLA
“We needed that mission so badly,” a buddy informed me once I talked about my upcoming go to in Could to the Leach Botanical Backyard in Portland, Oregon. The Leach Backyard is a former personal property, about 90 years outdated as a backyard and about 40 years outdated as a Portland public park. It’s run by 15 workers of a nonprofit conservancy, Leach Backyard Associates, for Portland Parks & Recreation. In 2021, the conservancy and Portland Parks unveiled $12 million value of enhancements to its 17 acres, the primary of a collection of deliberate enhancements. The buddy, a panorama architect, stated her workplace had vied for the mission throughout a 2014 aggressive solicitation, however, clearly, didn’t get it. I stated I’d be assembly with the designers who did get it, from the Seattle agency Land Morphology, together with its founder and CEO, Richard Hartlage, Affiliate ASLA. “Oh, Richard Hartlage is nice,” the buddy stated. “He’s an actual vegetation man.”
The Leach is an actual vegetation place. It has greater than 2,000 species and cultivars in collections centered on the ecology of a riparian forest, together with the forest flooring, cover, and edge; there are fen and lavatory vegetation, mosses, and alpine vegetation. It’s the longtime house of a famous unbiased botanist, Lilla Leach, and her husband, John Leach, who was a pharmacist. The Leaches took title to the place within the Thirties and referred to as it Sleepy Hole, apt for a deep stream valley of Douglas firs and western cedars 12 miles from downtown Portland. By the stream, Johnson Creek, the Leaches constructed a small stone cabin, then a roomier home. They plotted a backyard that introduced their obsessions to a broad wooded slope above it.
Of their wills, they bequeathed their backyard, then 13 acres, to town of Portland for the general public’s enjoyment. If town didn’t take over the land in earnest inside a decade, it was to convey to the YMCA—which it very practically did. John Leach died in 1972, and Lilla Leach then moved to a close-by city. The town let the backyard lie unclaimed, and in 1980, the YMCA referred to as on town to make up its thoughts.
The town’s thoughts was to let it go. Paperwork declining the Leaches’ land bequest is alleged to have been all however signed. The choice belonged to Charles Jordan, a metropolis commissioner from 1974 to 1984 who had legislative oversight of Portland’s parks.
Jordan, who died in 2014, is a determine of putting up with respect in Portland. He was its first Black metropolis commissioner and served because the bureau director of Portland Parks & Recreation for 14 years. Jordan led the addition of 44 new parks as town’s inhabitants grew by 20 %. At what’s described because the final minute, Jordan went for one ultimate (and apparently first) have a look at the place. He referred to as it a “little jewel” and saved it. The backyard’s volunteers, who later coalesced because the Leach Backyard Associates, have been vastly relieved.
The volunteers knew that Lilla Leach, born Lilla Irvin in 1886 close to Portland in Barlow, Oregon, grew to become a botanist and, along with her husband and assistance from two burros named Pansy and Violet, went all around the Pacific Northwest to gather vegetation, notably across the Siskiyou Mountains of southern Oregon and Northern California. Lilla Leach is credited with discovering and including as few as two and as many as a dozen species to the Linnaean taxonomy of botany. The Leach Backyard’s information present formally 4. She is credited as having recognized two plant genera endemic to the Siskiyou area. One genus is Kalmiopsis, of the heath household (Ericaceae), which for a very long time had one species, Kalmiopsis leachiana, that she noticed in 1930 and took to the books; an in depth variant, Okay. fragrans, was named a second species in 2007. The opposite genus, the saxifrage Bensoniella, with one species, B. oregona, is linked early to Lilla Leach, although botanical information fluctuate as to who amongst Leach and three different plant hunters discovered and recorded it. In 1964, Congress put aside a big reserve of land on Lilla Leach’s beat and referred to as it the Kalmiopsis Wilderness after her namesake plant. It now fills 180,000 acres which can be among the many most botanically various in the USA.
The Leaches introduced again vegetation from their journeys and put them of their backyard. Additionally they liked vegetation of the southeastern United States. For the grounds, they’d designs made however not fully constructed by Wilbert Davies, who went on to turn into a panorama architect of be aware in California. On a slope behind the home, the Leaches planted an Alpine Backyard of unusual species from the Siskiyou. That Alpine Backyard has been dying out in shade because the forest cover overhead has thickened. The remainder of the backyard has survived however struggled over time underneath the labors of volunteers, and for a lot of the previous few a long time, the Leach Backyard has been among the many lower-profile property of Portland Parks & Recreation.
“Not lots of people knew it was there, frankly,” says Irene Bowers, a panorama architect in Portland who’s a latest previous president of the board of Leach Backyard Associates and has been concerned carefully with the backyard for greater than a decade.
On the attractive Oregon spring day of my interview, Richard Hartlage’s apply associate at Land Morphology, Lindsey Heller, ASLA, met me with Sandy Fischer, FASLA, a quasi-staff adviser to the agency, and Christine Nack, the agency’s enterprise supervisor, who was carrying a big digicam to doc progress. Additionally current was Ross Swanson, a panorama architect and the capital program supervisor for enlargement initiatives at Portland Parks & Recreation.
Swanson hoped to cowl a number of issues earlier than peeling off for different work. He famous first the significance of the Leach as an atypical property within the Portland park system. Portland has a prodigious parks finances that, as summarized by the ParkScore ranking system of the Belief for Public Land, allocates double the typical spending per capita in contrast with 14,000 different U.S. cities. However each anecdotal and ParkScore knowledge counsel that Portland continues to confront a spot in park entry for its poorer neighborhoods, which, the belief computes, have 60 % much less park house per individual than wealthy neighborhoods. In any case, Swanson wished to emphasise that in cities the place playgrounds and playfields are extra the rule, “Issues like botanical gardens and cultural pursuits are related.”
Not current was Hartlage. I later caught up with him on the cellphone. Hartlage, who’s brisk and talkative, with a gradual circulation of earned wit about his enterprise, appears to love the cellphone. He didn’t come to the Leach that day as a result of, he stated of his colleagues who did come, “They did all of the work.” He stated he’d waved a wand at occasions over a few of the horticulture, and he left it at that. Hartlage is certainly a vegetation man, and a veteran of labor in public gardens. However he stated it was Fischer, a form of whisperer round his apply, who gamed out the grasp plan for the Leach, which wanted recent serious about its future and function in addition to about its areas. And it was Heller, somebody you may inform greets a design or development drawback like a purple cape, who ran the layers, megabytes, and muscle of detailing and getting part 1 of the Leach overhaul constructed.
We have been in an enormous sunny clearing close to the doorway zone within the Higher Backyard, the place there’s a neat compound of small work buildings and greenhouses surrounded on three sides by darkish curtains of conifers. We walked first up a modest slope into an enormous new Pollinator and Habitat Backyard that’s filling within the foreground to the forest. Tender spring vegetation have been bursting out. It wasn’t but practically the explosion of flora that it will likely be because it fills in a planting plan as intricate because the Pastrana Tapestries, however it’s clearly taking maintain. “Once we took out the plant listing in the future, it took up all the entrance of the truck,” Heller stated. “It was that massive of a listing.” And at one level, pages of the listing fell off the truck.
Heller says there have been surprises within the website’s geology (luggage and luggage of pile grout disappeared into holes drilled within the earth), surprises within the pandemic’s disruptions, and surprises within the civil unrest that beset Portland in 2020. There have been air-quality issues owing to wildfire smoke. There was a historic warmth wave when the temperature went to 116 levels Fahrenheit in 2021. At one level, a heavy snowfall closed the location.
Over a few generations, the Leach Botanical Backyard has wobbled to life on relative shortage. Within the 2010s, some actual cash began to return its manner, and speak grew to become potential of investments to elevate its rarefied presence on the town. Irene Bowers led an effort by Leach Backyard Associates to boost $1.26 million in personal items. The town gave the backyard $6.5 million from charges builders pay for brand new development. Prosper Portland, an financial improvement company, gave $2 million, and Portland Metro, the transportation company, made a $188,000 grant. In 2014, town added 4 adjoining acres to the backyard, which enlarged it to 17 acres. The town and Leach Backyard Associates opened a public bid in 2014 to resume the Leach panorama, and that course of delivered to them a proposal by Land Morphology, working with the structure agency Olson Kundig of Seattle. A groundbreaking befell in August 2019 to start creating, as Charles Jordan may need it, an even bigger little jewel.
Standing within the Pollinator Backyard, we talked about vegetation. Throughout the Leach Backyard, the design provides about 300 varieties. The census of bulbs for the Pollinator Backyard involves round 30,000, plus 10,000 different begins. Heller recollects making an attempt to hack the planting model of the design software program Land F/X, creating some symbols of her personal to codify every plant selection for the plans. The set up of the Pollinator Backyard was a complete different spectacle, a crew sport involving numerous little coloured flags and fixed rechecking of labor, with the assistance of a drone as an aerial information.
For the grasp plan, Fischer was a legacy website full of residing elements on terrain that’s steep and delicate, and the place ferns are nearly as massive as vehicles. Her remit had pages of historical past, layers of purposeful necessities seen and never, and infrastructure wants uncared for and projected. Plus, she had the Leach Backyard Associates’ wishes for what this place might turn into, for its personal sake and for communities throughout it, which have been possible not conscious of all or maybe any of this backyard’s secrets and techniques. The Leach is close to an space referred to as Lents the place, it’s stated, 150 languages are spoken (a Bosnian Islamic middle shares a boundary with the Leach to the north), and the place it additionally is alleged that the folks don’t have sufficient parks.
Fischer, who has dropped at life every kind of web sites in 40 years of apply, cooked down the grasp plan to a easy transect of zones that progress of their character from the Leaches’ home on the coronary heart of the backyard up and out to its extra not too long ago acquired edges.
The home is probably among the many final issues guests see right now, except maybe they arrive for one of many weddings which can be an essential income supply for the conservancy. Deep within the stream valley, the Leaches constructed a modest, L-shaped Arts and Crafts-ish cottage of white brick and white shingle, with a smaller secondary constructing throughout a country terrace of purple brick. The home was clearly positioned to be in sensory attain of Johnson Creek, which washes by way of the bottom level of the property. Johnson Creek, on this location, is about halfway in its 26-mile run from the uplands of Boring, Oregon, on the east, to the Willamette River within the city of Milwaukie, simply south of central Portland, on the west.
Johnson Creek is known as for a settler household who assumed possession of tons of of acres on this a part of present-day Portland underneath the Donation Land Declare Act of 1850. The Leach property had earlier been a part of a land declare taken by a Johnson son, Jacob Johnson. Congress made these claims accessible to “each white settler or occupant of the general public lands, American half-breed Indians included, above the age of eighteen years” as soon as the recipient had lived on and “cultivated” the land for 4 years. The 1850 legislation specified that “no alien shall be entitled to a patent to land.” The time period “alien” was to exclude totally Indigenous individuals, who, on this locality, have been possible Chinookan (most likely Clackamas). The Leach Botanical Backyard web site places the time span of earlier human presence at 11,000 years. Beneath its “About” part, there’s an unsparing assertion, referred to as a Land Acknowledgement, to spotlight the “systemic insurance policies of genocide, relocation, and assimilation” that destroyed societies residing over these millennia in what’s now the Portland metropolitan space.
Within the grasp plan, Fischer drew a line round the home and stream to mark a zone of fragile streamside habitat and to vary as little as potential the historic structure of the stone cabin and home. (The plan requires the shaded-out Alpine Backyard behind the home to maneuver to a brighter spot within the Higher Backyard.) Outward from the home and creek, Fischer’s plan loosens to permit stronger alterations because it strikes farther up the location’s major slope to the Pollinator Backyard and entrance space. There’s a newly groomed community of paths laid in crushed stone, some with stretches of retaining gabions constructed on-site from the plentiful cobble the earth yielded throughout development. There are plunging stairs of plain, mild concrete and easy iron railings.
On the backyard’s far different edge, the place the general public now enters, Fischer felt freer to have the design sign a contemporary establishment within the shapes of its areas and notably in its structure. “Whenever you see the Arts and Crafts home down beneath, some folks would say, ‘Effectively, you’ll simply pull that type up the hill,’” Fischer stated. “Certain. However we additionally thought in regards to the Leaches’ values, and so they have been fairly forward-thinking. And we had Olson Kundig on the crew, and so they don’t do Arts and Crafts.”
Within the grasp plan, Olson Kundig locations 4 buildings by the doorway for customer and employees makes use of. They’re to be in-built future phases and are steered as calm shedlike constructions framed in fir and clothed in cedar lath. For now, a small pavilion by the forest edge, behind the Pollinator Backyard, previews the temper of the structure: reticent, elemental, home. That modest construction opens to a fireplace on a terrace dealing with the woods and steps off in two instructions onto the brand new Tree Stroll, a looping aerial pathway that carries you out amid the forest’s colossal trunks to look over the Decrease Backyard within the stream valley.
The Tree Stroll is elliptical, although not one ellipse however two, interior and outer, set eccentrically to form the walkway and widen it at midpoints, which makes house for teams of as many as 30 folks to cease and stare on the gallery of hovering timber inside it, the deep cover round it, and the blasts of daylight over the other slope. The trail pinches extra narrowly the place it leaves the bottom a full 39 toes beneath your sneakers, each foot of which you’re conscious by wanting down by way of the metal grate—Heller says she was after only a tiny little bit of disequilibrium on the spot farthest out.
No 3D mannequin on this planet can inform you how such an imposing construction will play in a spot that has a powerful mystique of its personal. Heller describes all-hands efforts at mock-ups, executed full scale on the location. In silhouettes, the Tree Stroll’s black metal piers, railing, and deck edges differ not a lot from the visible patterns of the forest. To the diploma it escapes this camouflage, the construction’s frank verticals, flat traces, and plain arcs add a sublimated drama to the hillside when seen from the bottom beneath. Circuiting the Tree Stroll is a serene expertise—the folks I handed appeared hushed. It’s an expertise you didn’t know you wanted earlier than you walked it, one you received’t overlook, and one you’ll wish to come again to expertise once more.
The approaching again is essential for an establishment just like the Leach. Land Morphology’s upgrades overlay a way of recent group and a focus to a set of environment that folks say over time had come to really feel random and uneven and made the place really feel like a relic. This primary massive push at its renovation, together with the immersive studying applications it presents to folks of all ages, ought to assist allay issues shared amongst many stewards of public gardens, botanical gardens, and arboreta all over the place. Numerically talking, these issues contain getting good customer visitors, however missionwise, they embody a push to seek out new relevance, to have interaction folks and educate them, not least the unsuspecting ones.
A nature backyard could strike some folks as a plant zoo. It needs to be sticky, to be memorable in methods ball fields and playgrounds aren’t. Portland Parks & Recreation budgets annual funding to the Leach; in 2021, it amounted to $131,000, a couple of quarter of that 12 months’s backside line (which, that 12 months, included pandemic payroll-relief funds). The town would love the backyard in the end to turn into financially self-sustaining. The intrigue created across the begin of its modernization, with luck, ought to assist draw new guests who show loyal, propelling the backyard towards completion of its remaining plans. Individuals return to locations just like the Leach as a result of they’re irresistibly beguiling and at all times reveal one thing new. Amongst these folks, talking no matter language, could possibly be somebody with the genius of the previous Lilla Irvin.
Bradford McKee is a author and editor in Washington, D.C.
Prime Marketing consultant and Panorama Architect Land Morphology, Seattle (Richard Hartlage, Affiliate ASLA; Lindsey Heller, ASLA; Sandy Fischer, FASLA; Garrett Devier). Consulting Panorama Architects Knot (Building Administration and Irrigation Design), Portland, Oregon; Greenworks, PC (Inexperienced Infrastructure), Portland, Oregon. Consumer Metropolis of Portland Parks & Recreation.
Section One Challenge Workforce (Higher Backyard Improvement, Allowing, and Building Paperwork)
Prime Marketing consultant and Panorama Architect Land Morphology, Seattle. Architect Olson Kundig, Seattle. Electrical Engineer Reyes Engineering, Portland, Oregon. Civil Engineer Janet Turner Engineering, LLC, Lake Oswego, Oregon. Structural Engineer Lund Opsahl, LLC, Seattle. Arborist Morgan Holen & Associates, LLC, Lake Oswego, Oregon. Value Estimating Mitali & Associates, Portland, Oregon. Geotechnical Engineer Northwest Geotech, Inc., Wilsonville, Oregon.
Strategic Grasp Planning, Design Improvement, and Entitlement Section Challenge Workforce
Civil Engineer Capital Engineering & Consulting, LLC, Eugene, Oregon. Transportation Planning Lancaster Mobley, Portland, Oregon. Mechanical Engineer Hodaie Engineering, Portland, Oregon. Graphics/Signage/Wayfinding Ideas Suenn Ho Design, Portland, Oregon. Land-Use Planning Winterbrook Planning, Portland, Oregon. Common Contractor J. W. Fowler, Dallas, Oregon. Panorama Contractor Pacific Panorama Providers Inc., Vancouver, Washington. Metal Fabrication Albina Co. Inc., Tualatin, Oregon.
POLLINATOR AND HABITAT GARDEN PLANT LIST
Calycanthus occidentalis (Western candy shrub)
Ceanothus x ‘Darkish Star’ (Darkish Star ceanothus)
Chaenomeles speciosa ‘Pink Storm’ (Double Take Pink flowering quince)
Chaenomeles speciosa ‘Scarlet Storm’ (Double Take Scarlet flowering quince)
Chaenomeles x superba ‘Cameo’ (Cameo flowering quince)
Clethra alnifolia ‘Hummingbird’ (Hummingbird summer time candy)
Deutzia gracilis ‘Nikko’ (Nikko slender deutzia)
Hamamelis vernalis ‘Purple Ribbons’ (Purple Ribbons Ozark witch hazel)
Hamamelis virginiana ‘Harvest Moon’ (Harvest Moon witch hazel)
Hamamelis x intermedia ‘Diane’ (Diane witch hazel)
Hamamelis x intermedia ‘Jelena’ (Jelena witch hazel)
Heptacodium miconioides ‘SMNHMRF’ (Temple of Bloom seven-son flower)
Hibiscus syriacus ‘America Irene Scott’ (Sugar Tip rose of Sharon)
Hibiscus syriacus ‘ILVO347’ (Orchid Satin rose of Sharon)
Hibiscus syriacus ‘SHIMCR1’ (Ruffled Satin rose of Sharon)
Hydrangea macrophylla ‘SMHMLDD’ (Let’s Dance Diva hydrangea)
Hydrangea paniculata ‘Limelight’ (Limelight panicled hydrangea)
Hydrangea paniculata ‘SMHPFL’ (Fireplace Mild panicled hydrangea)
Hydrangea quercifolia ‘JoAnn’ (Gatsby Pink oakleaf hydrangea)
Hydrangea quercifolia ‘Ruby Slippers’ (Ruby Slippers oakleaf hydrangea)
Hylotelephium spectabile ‘Zion’ (Zion showy stonecrop)
Mahonia x media ‘Arthur Menzies’ (Arthur Menzies mahonia)
Phlomis fruticosa (Shrubby Jerusalem sage)
Phlox paniculata ‘Ditomfra’ (Bubblegum Pink phlox)
Rodgersia podophylla ‘Rotlaub’ (Rotlaub rodgersia)
Rosa x ‘Morning Has Damaged’ (Morning Has Damaged rose)
Rosa x ‘Rhapsody in Blue’ (Rhapsody in Blue rose)
Rosa x ‘Roseraie de l’Hay’ (Roseraie de l’Hay rose)
Rosa x ‘The Poet’ (The Poet rose)
Sambucus nigra ‘Black Lace’ (Black Lace elderberry)
Viburnum dilatatum (Linden arrowwood)
Weigela florida ‘Verweig 6’ (Sonic Bloom old school weigela)
Andropogon gerardii ‘Lord Snowdon’ (Lord Snowdon massive bluestem)
Calamagrostis brachytricha (Korean feather reed grass)
Calamagrostis x acutiflora ‘Karl Foerster’ (Karl Foerster feather reed grass)
Carex comans ‘Frosted Curls’ (Frosted Curls sedge)
Carex tenuiculmis ‘Cappuccino’ (Cappuccino sedge)
Celtica gigantea (Large feather grass)
Dierama pulcherrimum (Angel’s fishing rod)
Koeleria glauca (Massive blue hair grass)
Luzula nivea (Snowy wooden rush)
Miscanthus ‘Purpurascens’ (Flame grass)
Miscanthus sinensis ‘Malepartus’ (Malepartus maiden grass)
Miscanthus x giganteus (Large miscanthus)
Molinia caerulea ssp. arundinacea ‘Skyracer’ (Skyracer purple moor grass)
Molinia caerulea ssp. caerulea ‘Moorflamme’ (Moorflamme moor grass)
Molinia caerulea ssp. caerulea ‘Strahlenquelle’ (Fountain spray moor grass)
Muhlenbergia capillaris (Hairawn muhly)
Panicum virgatum ‘Cloud 9’ (Cloud 9 switchgrass)
Panicum virgatum ‘Rotstrahlbusch’ (Rotstrahlbusch switchgrass)
Sesleria autumnalis (Autumn moor grass)
Sporobolus heterolepis (Prairie dropseed)
Achillea ‘Apfelblüte’ (Appleblossom yarrow)
Achillea millefolium ‘Lilac Magnificence’ (Lilac Magnificence yarrow)
Achillea x ‘Moonshine’ (Moonshine yarrow)
Actaea simplex ‘Hillside Black Magnificence’ (Hillside Black Magnificence bugbane)
Agapanthus x ‘Storm Cloud’ (Storm Cloud agapanthus)
Agastache x ‘Blue Fortune’ (Blue Fortune large hyssop)
Agastache x ‘Raspberry Summer season’ (Raspberry Summer season large hyssop)
Allium cernuum ‘Falling Stars’ (Falling Stars nodding onion)
Allium x ‘Millenium’ (Millenium decorative onion)
Allium x ‘Windy Metropolis’ (Windy Metropolis decorative onion)
Amorpha canescens (Leadplant)
Amsonia ‘Blue Ice’ (Blue Ice blue star)
Amsonia ciliata (Fringed blue star)
Anemone hupehensis var. japonica ‘Pamina’ (Pamina Japanese anemone)
Anemone x hybrida ‘Ruffled Swan’ (Ruffled Swan anemone)
Artemisia versicolor ‘Seafoam’ (Seafoam curlicue sage)
Aster tataricus ‘Jindai’ (Jindai Tatarian aster)
Aster x frikartii ‘Flora’s Delight’ (Flora’s Delight aster)
Astilbe chinensis ‘Imaginative and prescient in Pink’ (Imaginative and prescient in Pink astilbe)
Astilbe chinensis ‘Imaginative and prescient in Purple’ (Imaginative and prescient in Purple astilbe)
Astilbe chinensis ‘Imaginative and prescient in White’ (Imaginative and prescient in White astilbe)
Astilbe x arendsii (False spirea)
Astilbe x arendsii ‘Augustleuchten’ (August Mild astilbe)
Baptisia x ‘Blue Candelabra’ (Blue Candelabra false indigo)
Baptisia x ‘Blueberry Sundae’ (Blueberry Sundae false indigo)
Baptisia x ‘First Blush’ (First Blush false indigo)
Baptisia x ‘Grape Taffy’ (Grape Taffy false indigo)
Carex flagellifera ‘Kiwi’ (Kiwi weeping sedge)
Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora ‘Emberglow’ (Emberglow montbretia)
Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora ‘Star of the East’ (Star of the East montbretia)
Digitalis x ‘Honey Trumpet’ (Honey Trumpet foxglove)
Echinacea purpurea ‘Magnus’ (Magnus purple coneflower)
Echinacea purpurea ‘White Swan’ (White Swan coneflower)
Eryngium ‘Massive Blue’ (Massive Blue sea holly)
Eryngium ‘Sapphire Blue’ (Sapphire Blue sea holly)
Euphorbia polychroma (Cushion spurge)
Eurybia divaricata ‘Japanese Star’ (Japanese Star white wooden aster)
Eutrochium dubium ‘Little Joe’ (Little Joe joe-pye weed)
Geranium ‘Gerwat’ (Rozanne cranesbill)
Geranium x riversleaianum ‘Mavis Simpson’ (Mavis Simpson cranesbill)
Geranium x riversleaianum ‘Russell Prichard’ (Russell Prichard cranesbill)
Geum x ‘Coppertone Punch’ (Coppertone Punch avens)
Geum x ‘Darkish and Stormy’ (Darkish and Stormy avens)
Geum x ‘Tequila Dawn’ (Tequila Dawn avens)
Helenium ‘Moerheim Magnificence’ (Moerheim Magnificence sneezeweed)
Helenium ‘Sahin’s Early Flowerer’ (Sahin’s Early Flowerer sneezeweed)
Helenium ‘Zimbelstern’ (Zimbelstern sneezeweed)
Helianthus x ‘Lemon Queen’ (Lemon Queen sunflower)
Helleborus x hybridus ‘Ballerina Ruffles’ (Ballerina Ruffles lenten rose)
Helleborus x hybridus ‘Mango Magic’ (Mango Magic lenten rose)
Helleborus x hybridus ‘Pink Parachutes’ (Pink Parachutes lenten rose)
Helleborus x nigercors ‘Snow Love’ (Snow Love lenten rose)
Hosta x ‘Branching Out’ (Branching Out plantain lily)
Hosta x ‘Floramora’ (Floramora plantain lily)
Hosta x ‘Royal Normal’ (Royal Normal plantain lily)
Hylotelephium spectabile ‘Good’ (Good stonecrop)
Hylotelephium spectabile ‘Zion’ (Zion showy stonecrop)
Iris sibirica ‘Bennerup Blue’ (Bennerup Blue Siberian iris)
Iris sibirica ‘Butter and Sugar’ (Butter and Sugar Siberian iris)
Iris sibirica ‘Dreaming Spires’ (Dreaming Spires Siberian iris)
Kniphofia uvaria ‘Alcazar’ (Alcazar red-hot poker)
Kniphofia uvaria ‘Primrose Magnificence’ (Primrose Magnificence red-hot poker)
Kniphofia x ‘Percy’s Satisfaction’ (Percy’s Satisfaction red-hot poker)
Lathyrus vernus ‘Rosenelfe’ (Rose spring vetch)
Liatris spicata ‘Alba’ (White blazing star)
Liatris spicata ‘Kobold’ (Kobold blazing star)
Monarda didyma ‘Aquarius’ (Aquarius bee balm)
Monarda didyma ‘Jacob Cline’ (Jacob Cline bee balm)
Nepeta x faassenii ‘Dropmore’ (Dropmore catmint)
Paeonia itoh ‘Bartzella’ (Bartzella itoh peony)
Penstemon campanulatus ‘Garnet’ (Garnet penstemon)
Persicaria amplexicaulis (Purple bistort)
Persicaria amplexicaulis ‘Alba’ (Alba mountain fleece)
Persicaria amplexicaulis ‘Firetail’ (Firetail mountain fleece)
Persicaria amplexicaulis ‘Rosea’ (Rosea mountain fleece)
Persicaria polymorpha (Large fleeceflower)
Phlomis tuberosa (Tuberous Jerusalem sage)
Phlox paniculata ‘Blue Paradise’ (Blue Paradise backyard phlox)
Phlox paniculata ‘David’ (David backyard phlox)
Phlox paniculata ‘David’s Lavender’ (David’s Lavender backyard phlox)
Phygelius aequalis ‘Yellow Trumpet’ (Yellow Trumpet cape fuchsia)
Phygelius x rectus ‘African Queen’ (African Queen cape fuchsia)
Rudbeckia ‘American Gold Rush’ (Black-eyed Susan)
Sanguisorba officinalis ‘Tanna’ (Tanna nice burnet)
Sanguisorba tenuifolia ‘Pink Elephant’ (Pink Elephant burnet)
Solidago rugosa ‘Fireworks’ (Fireworks goldenrod)
Solidago shortii ‘Photo voltaic Cascade’ (Photo voltaic Cascade Brief’s goldenrod)
Stachys officinalis ‘Hummelo’ (Hummelo betony)
Symphyotrichum cordifolium ‘Little Carlow’ (Little Carlow blue wooden aster)
Symphyotrichum novae-angliae ‘Andenken an Alma Potschke’
(Andenken an Alma Potschke New England aster)
Symphyotrichum novae-angliae ‘Purple Dome’ (Purple Dome New England aster)
Symphyotrichum oblongifolium ‘Dream of Magnificence’ (Dream of Magnificence fragrant aster)
Symphyotrichum oblongifolium ‘October Skies’ (October Skies fragrant aster)
Vernonia lettermanii ‘Iron Butterfly’ (Iron Butterfly ironweed)
Allium amplectens ‘Sleek Magnificence’ (Sleek Magnificence decorative onion)
Allium christophii (Star of Persia)
Allium ‘Globemaster’ (Globemaster decorative onion)
Allium siculum ssp. bulgaricum (Bulgarian honey garlic)
Allium sphaerocephalon (Roundheaded leek)
Allium ‘Summer season Drummer’ (Summer season Drummer onion)
Anemone blanda ‘Pink Star’ (Pink Star windflower)
Anemone blanda ‘White Splendour’ (White Splendour windflower)
Anemone nemorosa ‘Leeds Selection’ (Leeds Selection wooden anemone)
Anemone nemorosa ‘Royal Blue’ (Royal Blue wooden anemone)
Anemone nemorosa ‘Viridiflora’ (Viridiflora wooden anemone)
Camassia leichtlinii ‘Alba’ (White giant camas)
Camassia leichtlinii ‘Blue Heaven’ (Blue Heaven giant camas)
Camassia leichtlinii ‘Caerulea’ (Caerulea giant camas)
Camassia leichtlinii ‘Sacajawea’ (Sacajawea giant camas)
Camassia leichtlinii ssp. suksdorfii ‘Blauwe Donau’ (Blue Danube giant camas)
Chionodoxa forbesii ‘Blue Large’ (Blue Large glory-of-the-snow)
Corydalis solida ‘Beth Evans’ (Beth Evans fumewort)
Crocus chrysanthus ‘Cream Magnificence’ (Cream Magnificence crocus)
Crocus chrysanthus ‘Goldilocks’ (Goldilocks snow crocus)
Crocus tommasinianus ‘Roseus’ (Roseus crocus)
Erythronium ‘Pagoda’ (Pagoda fawn lily)
Erythronium ‘White Magnificence’ (White Magnificence fawn lily)
Galanthus elwesii (Large snowdrop)
Galanthus ‘Hippolyta’ (Hippolyta snowdrop)
Galanthus nivalis ‘Flore Pleno’ (Flore Pleno snowdrop)
Galanthus nivalis ‘Magnet’ (Magnet snowdrop)
Galanthus nivalis ‘Sam Arnott’ (Sam Arnott snowdrop)
Galanthus nivalis ‘Viridapice’ (Viridapice snowdrop)
Hyacinthoides non-scripta ‘Alba’ (White English bluebell)
Hyacinthus orientalis ‘Blue Pageant’ (Blue Pageant hyacinth)
Leucojum aestivum ‘Gravetye Large’ (Gravetye Large summer time snowflake)
Lilium ‘Fusion’ (Fusion lily)
Lilium martagon ‘Sunny Morning’ (Sunny Morning martagon lily)
Lilium regale (Regal lily)
Lilium ‘Silk Street’ (Silk Street lily)
Lilium speciosum ‘Album’ (White lily)
Muscari armeniacum ‘Valerie Finnis’ (Valerie Finnis grape hyacinth)
Muscari aucheri ‘Blue Magic’ (Blue Magic grape hyacinth)
Narcissus ‘February Gold’ (February Gold cyclamineus daffodil)
Narcissus ‘Mount Hood’ (Mount Hood trumpet daffodil)
Narcissus ‘Rapture’ (Rapture cyclamineus daffodil)
Narcissus ‘Thalia’ (Thalia triandrus daffodil)
Narcissus ‘Topolino’ (Topolino trumpet daffodil)
Narcissus ‘W. P. Milner’ (W. P. Milner daffodil)
Scilla mischtschenkoana (Misczenko squill)
Scilla siberica ‘Alba’ (Alba Siberian squill)
Scilla siberica ‘Spring Magnificence’ (Spring Magnificence Siberian squill)
Triteleia laxa ‘Queen Fabiola’ (Queen Fabiola Ithuriel’s spear)
Triteleia ‘Rudy’ (Rudy triteleia)