Botanical Title: Araucaria heterophylla
It is simple to search out Norfolk Island Pine on the market across the holidays. Younger bushes present up on florists’ and backyard middle cabinets earlier than Christmas and are in style as items or décor.
Do not toss it out after the vacations are over, nonetheless. With excellent care, your pint-sized tree will thrive fantastically indoors for a few years.
Get to Know this Tropical Tree
Araucaria heterophylla is an evergreen conifer that makes a good-looking home plant. Its lengthy, horizontal branches are densely coated with quick, smooth needles that develop into darker because the plant ages.
This plant not a real pine, it simply seems to be like one. It additionally will get its identify from Norfolk Island — a small island within the Pacific between Australia, New Zealand and New Caledonia.
In its native habitat, Norfolk Island pine can develop as much as 200 ft (60 m) tall. As a home plant, you’ll be able to anticipate it to achieve about 3-6 ft (90 cm – 1.8 m). Gradual-growing, it’ll take a number of years to achieve this top.
To know the right way to take care of these crops, keep in mind their native surroundings, the place they get pleasure from reasonable temperatures, moist air and shiny mild. Dry air, dry soil and low mild may cause the needles to drop — they usually will not develop again. They want a bit of further consideration, however they’re price it. Norfolk pine bushes will reside a very long time with excellent care.
You will discover Norfolk Island pine bushes on the market from on-line nurseries and a few backyard facilities in spring and summer time. Small bushes are generally adorned and bought round Christmastime.
Norfolk Island Pine Care
Increase the humidity. Dry air will trigger the needles to develop into dry and fall off. Hold your plant away from warmth/AC vents. This Pacific Island native likes to be misted with room-temperature water. Or use a cool-mist room humidifier so as to add moisture close to this tropical native.
Hold soil moist. Rising Norfolk Island pine bushes are thirsty, so examine the soil typically throughout the rising season. Yellow needles are sometimes brought on by soil that is both too dry or soggy. Purpose to maintain it evenly moist always.
Repot in spring. This plant is slow-growing, particularly indoors. Transfer it right into a pot 1 measurement bigger each 3 years or when roots are seen on high of the soil. Norfolk pine would not wish to be disturbed, so repot solely when obligatory. Wish to cowl up a plain nursery pot? Slip it into an ornamental cachepot. When the tree grows to greater than 3 ft (90 cm) tall, high gown as a substitute.
Do not prune Norfolk pine. By no means reduce off the highest or trim the perimeters of this plant. It would not must be formed in any respect. You possibly can take away any decrease branches that die, utilizing sharp pruners to stop tearing the stems.
Look ahead to pests. Not many home plant pests trouble Norfolk pines. Mealybugs are the commonest. Look ahead to white, cotton-like areas on leaves and stems and deal with any infestation instantly.
Caring for Norfolk Pine Tree
Origin: Norfolk Island
Peak: As much as 6 ft (1.8 m), grown in a pot indoors
Mild: Vivid mild with some full solar. Rotate the pot sometimes in entrance of the window to offer all sides mild for even development.
Water: Hold the soil evenly moist within the spring and summer time; evenly moist in winter, when development is slower. Water usually to stop lack of needles. At all times use tepid water for watering your houseplants as a result of chilly water is a shock to them.
Humidity: Reasonable room (50% relative humidity) or greater. Probably the most environment friendly approach to increase humidity in your tropical crops is to make use of a small cool-mist humidifier. Indoor air can develop into extraordinarily dry within the winter months. It is a good suggestion to make use of a humidity monitor close to your houseplant somewhat than guess. Dry, yellowing needles are an indication the air is simply too dry.
Temperature: Common room temperatures 65-75°F/18-24°C. Norfolk Island pine would not just like the chilly, so do not expose it to temps under 50°F/10°C. Bear in mind to maintain your Norfolk Pine away from blasts of chilly air and furnace vents.
Soil: Soil-based potting combine
Fertilizer: Feed each 2 weeks spring by fall with a balanced water-soluble fertilizer diluted by half.
Propagation: Will be grown from seed, though it’ll take a number of years to achieve the scale of a bought plant.