What’s Panorama Design? – Lawnstarter

impressive landscape design of a yard with patio area

Panorama design is an artwork kind and a science that seeks to create enticing, practical outside “rooms” by means of horticultural science, spatial group, and suave composition.

I’ll paint you an imaginary image… Consider your yard as an artist’s palette, and you might be Michael Angelo within the Sistine Chapel (on a smaller scale, in fact). You need harmonious artistry — bushes with arching, pendulous branches, colourful shrubs and flowers drawing butterflies and hummingbirds, meandering white pebble paths guiding you to a water wall as a surprising backdrop for painted wood benches in calming lavender hues. 

Panorama design employs line, kind, texture, coloration, visible weight, and scale. Moreover, design rules like proportion, order, repetition, and unity (simply to call a couple of) assist join areas and create a lovely general look.

Panorama design sounds extra difficult than it truly is. Consider your panorama designer because the artist who helps flip your imaginative and prescient to your general yard right into a murals delivered to life.

Oh, and the way a lot may panorama design value you? LawnStarter’s panorama design pricing information finds that the typical panorama designer prices $2,200 to $6,180 per mission or about $50 to $150 per hour.

On this article, we’ll discover the next:

Parts of Panorama Design

The design course of begins by understanding your wants, wishes, and web site situations. As soon as these are decided, the weather (additionally known as options) — line, kind, coloration, texture, visible weight, and scale — create an general cohesive look. Most typical panorama types incorporate these components.

Let’s take a better take a look at these components of panorama design:


In panorama design, strains play an important position. They create boundaries between supplies, shapes, or linear options, direct eye motion, and set up dominance. A panorama designer makes use of strains to make patterns, kind areas, create the phantasm of motion and unify a theme throughout the panorama. 


Kind refers back to the visible affect of three-dimensional components akin to plant materials, constructions, plant beds, and backyard ornaments. Types might be both formal (akin to circles, squares, and polygons) or casual/naturalistic (meandering strains, natural edges, and fragmented shapes).  

Kind can also outline destructive area. In panorama design, destructive area refers back to the open areas in a backyard, akin to lawns, patios, and swimming pools. These areas present room for actions and create steadiness with the constructive areas outlined by beds and buildings.

The usage of destructive area can breathe life right into a backyard by offering visible aid from the sample and texture of crops inside it.


Shade performs an important position in panorama design. Plant materials and hardscaping options, akin to paving, partitions, or fences, all enable for including dimension and curiosity with coloration.

Shrubs and flowers with crimson foliage come out within the foreground whereas crops with blue flowers recede into the background.

Selecting related hues creates a way of concord, whereas contrasting shades helps seize consideration. Panorama designers and panorama architects also needs to contemplate in the event that they want to make use of heat or cool tones and whether or not a coloration theme can be appropriate to tie the complete property collectively. 


In the case of panorama design, the feel of crops can play a serious position. Texture refers to how the plant’s foliage, flowers, bark, and branches feel and appear when touched. The dimensions and form of the leaves are often what decide the perceived texture, with crops being categorized as having a rough, medium, or fantastic texture. 

Visible Weight

Visible weight in panorama design refers back to the idea that sure combos of options have extra prominence resulting from mass and distinction. Areas with the next visible weight are extra noticeable and memorable. These with low visible weight fade into the background and create a cohesive look by linking collectively high-weight options. 


In outside design, scale refers back to the measurement relationship between components throughout the backyard and the encircling areas. So long as you make measurement decisions appropriate for the setting, the dimensions of your design will probably be acceptable. 

When deciding on the proper scale for crops and panorama constructions, contemplate the scale of your own home and your out there yard area. Bigger constructions require bigger crops and shrubs.

In the case of panorama design drawings, scale performs an important position. Set up crews rely on this doc for precise measurements to put in plant materials, hardscapes, and waterscapes on-site. 

Relying on whether or not the design is for residential or industrial properties, the designer decides which scale is greatest for them. For instance, 1/8 inch = 1 foot on an architectural scale is right for residential landscapes, and 1 inch = 10 ft on an engineer’s scale works higher for industrial initiatives.

Ideas of Panorama Design

Panorama designers and panorama architects use design rules as tips or instruments to create enticing, pleasing, and cozy landscapes. Using and understanding the rules is important to working by means of the panorama design course of step-by-step.

These are among the rules of panorama design:


Proportion has to do with the scale of every factor inside a panorama when put next with different components. As we speak, builders wish to construct huge homes on small plots of land, and this design idea leaves little room for plant materials within the yard. 

Utilizing columnar bushes and slim, upright-growing shrubs, offset with extra rounded crops the place area permits, may also help soften an imposing construction. Pyramidal, columnar-shaped bushes can match into tight areas but assist present the comfy really feel of a broad overhead cover. 

You should be intelligent in these conditions. Planters positioned on pedestals, together with pruning and shaping, can be utilized to create the phantasm of peak and fill. 


Order refers back to the group and steadiness in a panorama. Order might be achieved in your yard utilizing the extra formal (symmetrical) or casual (asymmetrical) steadiness. 

To realize order in a backyard or outside area, designers create and use steadiness by manipulating kind, coloration, measurement, and texture. This steadiness might be symmetrical, asymmetrical, or primarily based on perspective and is achieved by creating groupings of options and components that revolve round a central level.


The aim of repetition is to create predictable and acquainted patterns and sequences within the panorama. Sample and orderliness might be achieved by repeating related design components — strains, shapes, colours, and textures mix to kind a rhythm that’s pleasing to the attention.

Repetition is used so as to add cohesion and visible curiosity. Nonetheless, when utilizing repetition, one ought to be cautious to keep away from creating dullness. Having stated that, not sufficient repetition may cause confusion. 

Easy repetition refers to lining up the identical object in a row or putting geometrical shapes akin to squares in an orderly association.


Creating unity in panorama design ensures that the assorted components work collectively cohesively. This may be achieved through the use of ideas akin to dominance, interconnection, and the Rule of Three. 

As an illustration, lining up three similar crops or pots in a sample creates a easy repetition that helps to create a way of visible concord.

Equally, putting related pots alongside a stone wall promotes unity throughout the general design scheme.


Stability includes making a visually pleasing distribution of components. Symmetry or asymmetry is used to attain an evenly distributed look. 

With this balanced strategy, designers can create stunning outside areas which are each inviting and aesthetically pleasing.

  • Symmetrical steadiness (formal steadiness) is a well-liked technique wherein deliberately equalizing design components creates a way of stability and sweetness. To realize a symmetrical steadiness, designers place crops or decorations of equal peak, width, and form on both facet of a central level or axis. 
  • Asymmetrical (casual) steadiness achieves a casual, pure look. Asymmetrical steadiness creates a special aesthetic on both facet, creating the phantasm of a relaxed and extra enhanced free-flowing area. 


Rhythm in panorama design refers back to the repetition of components that helps kind an underlying construction. Spacing crops, bushes, or different gadgets evenly all through a backyard may also help create an orderly sample and movement. 

Moreover, utilizing unified colours, supplies, and textures inside a given space helps create a visible rhythm that guides viewers from one part of the backyard to the subsequent.


Emphasis is the place the attention is first drawn when taking a look at a selected outside area. It will probably turn out to be a outstanding factor in a design by highlighting this point of interest and making it stand out. 


Distinction is used to focus on sure components in your design. Contrasting colours, plant sizes, textures, leaf constructions, and extra, when positioned side-by-side, can add curiosity and draw the viewer’s consideration. 

The juxtaposition between fantastic and coarse textures helps totally different components in a panorama design look unified.


When designing a panorama, creating visible selection with totally different shapes, colours, and textures with hardscaping (like partitions and paths) and softscaping (like bushes or grass) is essential. 

To create a harmonious panorama, attempt for a steadiness between these components whereas additionally offering sufficient variety to make the world fascinating.


Hierarchy refers to utilizing visible cues to create a way of order and group. This may be achieved by creating distinction by means of totally different components akin to measurement, proportion, placement, or spacing. 

Varied methods, akin to adjusting the scale of design components or incorporating vibrant colours, draw consideration and spotlight particular areas. Bigger components and stronger colours within the foreground might be the place to begin.


Transition means making a easy change from one facet or space of the design to a different. That is often finished through the use of crops of differing heights, sizes, shapes, colours, and texture modifications. 

Through the use of transition components, panorama designers can create a pure and exquisite outside area.


Patterns are used to create order and construction all through an area. These patterns can embrace the location of bushes, shrubs, lawns, and geometric shapes throughout the hardscape surfaces. As well as, panorama design usually options paths, gazebos, and trellises to contribute to the general aesthetic of the surroundings. 

Understanding how these components work together with each other helps create well-balanced landscapes which are each stunning and sensible.


Motion performs an essential position in panorama design. For instance, “implied motion” has been used for hundreds of years in Asian-style gardens to create a peaceable environment. They rake patterns within the sand — meant to imitate flowing water — and prepare stones in a round formation to symbolize islands within the ocean. 

Motion can convey a serene aesthetic to any outside area when applied accurately.


Sequence includes creating easy transitions to the scale, form, and texture of crops. That is finished by making gradual modifications one factor at a time. 

Abrupt modifications from a tall plant to a brief one or from a fine-textured plant to a tough one often look dangerous and ought to be averted.


Focalization is a good way so as to add curiosity and drama to your panorama design. It includes utilizing one object that stands out from the remainder and attracts the attention. Issues like statues, water options, sculptures, and strange crops are all nice decisions for focal factors. 

Do not forget that it ought to be one thing private — a function that speaks to your type and pursuits! Focalization may also be known as emphasis.

3 Main Classes of Panorama Design

Listed beneath are the three main classes utilized in panorama design. They don’t seem to be listed so as of significance as a result of all of them ought to work collectively. 

  • Hardscapes refers to non-living elements of the outside area, akin to pavers, patios, walkways, partitions, and every other constructed options. 
  • Softscapes refers to plant materials (dwelling natural options comprising bushes, shrubs, crops, and flowers). Including lighting contributes to the softscape by placing a completion to the setting, tying all the things collectively to create an exquisite area for all to get pleasure from.
  • Waterscapes incorporate water options like waterfalls, ponds, and water gardens into an outside area. This kind of design is supposed to convey a pure factor to the surroundings whereas additionally offering an space for rest and recreation. 

FAQ About Panorama Design

What are the advantages of panorama design? 

  • Creates the flexibility to join with nature.
  • Panorama design may also help shield pure wildlife. 
  • Helps biodiversity 
  • Creates practical areas out of unused areas. 
  • Maximizes the usage of outside dwelling areas whereas defining leisure areas to create a balanced structure between man-made constructions and nature.
  • Boosts property worth.
  • Achieves an easy-care search for long-lasting magnificence year-round.

Who would you name for a panorama design?

For those who’re seeking to design your panorama, it might be greatest to name upon the providers of both a panorama designer or a panorama architect. Nonetheless, it is very important select the precise skilled relying on the scope and necessities of your mission. 

  • Panorama Designers: Panorama designers are professionals with an Affiliate’s Diploma in Science, horticulture, or panorama design. Their experience contains designing outside areas for residential and industrial websites. 

    Whereas panorama designers could sort out much less complicated web site challenges than panorama architects, their scope of labor remains to be fairly intensive. Panorama designers are consultants in creating beautiful designs that deal with many alternative options, akin to softscapes, hardscapes, waterscapes, swimming pools, outside areas, lighting, retaining partitions, backyard partitions, and extra.

    Panorama designers can work for a panorama design agency and/or panorama construct firms or be self-employed. The common yearly wage for a panorama designer is round $49,000 or extra. Whereas some could also be self-taught and be taught on the job, most obtain formal training and coaching in panorama design.

  • Panorama Architects: Panorama architects often have a bachelor’s diploma or a grasp’s diploma in panorama structure. In addition they endure an intensive licensing course of to observe, very similar to a physician must get a license.

    Design initiatives for panorama architects are sometimes campuses, workplace parks and public parks, stormwater administration, ecology, and sustainable areas. Panorama architects create grasp plans, together with web site plans and building drawings, wetlands safety, and so on.

    Panorama structure companies, land planning companies, and architectural companies sometimes make use of panorama architects. To observe, these professionals should get hold of a license of their state. The sector is thought for its common annual wage of $75,000 or extra.

Do panorama professionals design lighting plans?

Panorama designers and panorama architects can certainly design lighting plans as a part of their providers. Actually, a well-designed lighting plan is important for enhancing the wonder and performance of outside areas. 

From creating protected walkways, highlighting beautiful backyard options, and uplighting plant materials and constructions, a customized lighting system can obtain varied lighting targets whereas additionally being energy-efficient and long-lasting. 

With collaboration between you and your designer or architect, your outside area might be remodeled with the proper customized lighting plan.

When to Rent a Landscaping Professional

Panorama design combines artwork, science, spatial group, and information of environmental components like topography and water run-off.  LawnStarter connects you to native panorama designers or panorama architects to design your yard (entrance yard, yard, and any facet yards — or simply components of your property). 

Be certain to decide on the proper landscaping skilled relying on the scope and necessities of your mission. Panorama design might be an efficient method to get stunning outcomes to your yard.

Fundamental Picture Credit score: irina88w / Canva Professional / License

Harley Grandone

Harley Grandone

Harley Grandone, a author and panorama designer, enjoys writing blogs for Lawnstarter. After 20+ years of being a panorama designer, she’s delighted to have the ability to mix her love of writing along with her love of the trade. When not writing, she spends her free time on her sailboat, studying internet affiliate marketing, and having enjoyable along with her household within the Philadelphia suburbs.

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